Discovery of a 4, year-old military network in northern Syria Thu, Dec 21, Analysis of aerial and satellite images has enabled the discovery of a vast structured surveillance and communication network dating from the Middle Bronze Age. The discovery of more than a thousand sites in Syria has revised our understanding of the settlement of the steppes during all periods in the history of the Near East. Recently, analysis of aerial and satellite images has enabled the discovery of a vast structured surveillance and communication network dating from the Middle Bronze Age 2nd millennium BCE. Positioned at the threshold of the densely populated sedentary regions of the Fertile Crescent to the west, and the arid, nomad-inhabited steppes to the east, it has not been continuously exploited by the region’s inhabitants. Here, the multidisciplinary team from the geo-archaeological mission has discovered particularly well-preserved sites, including a fortified surveillance network over the territory dating from the second millennium to BC. It is the first time that such an extensive fortified system has been discovered in the territory. This structure, exceptional in its extent and designed to protect urban areas and their hinterlands, is composed of a series of fortresses, small forts, towers, and enclosures that run along the mountainous ridge which dominates the steppes of central Syria. The researchers’ work suggests that the fortresses were made from large blocks on unsculpted basalt and formed walls several meters wide and high. In addition, each fortified site was positioned in such a way to ensure that it could see and be seen by others. The spatial organization of this network thus depended on the ability to communicate through light or smoke signals in order to rapidly convey information to the major centers of power.

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Oaks, Quorum of the 12 Apostles. Critics’ Arguments Latter-day Saints are repeatedly encouraged to rely on a witness of the spirit i. Holy Ghost to personally authenticate the truthfulness of the origins and content of the Book of Mormon. Given constant encouragement from general and local leaders of reliance on supernatural manifestations a testimony over testable claims, it is not surprising that many faithful Latter-Day Saints seem unfazed by empirical evidence or the lack of it contradicting Book of Mormon claims, whether the research is conducted by Mormon or non-Mormon archaeologists and historians.

Try these searches: Shabbat | Weekly teaching | Mystical | Universal laws | Love of G-d Search Torah topics from respected, pre-approved Torah sites. was created to specifically exclude irrelevant results one could find using a standard search engine.

The Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered in eleven caves along the northwest shore of the Dead Sea between the years and The area is 13 miles east of Jerusalem and is feet below sea level. The mostly fragmented texts, are numbered according to the cave that they came out of. They have been called the greatest manuscript discovery of modern times.

See a Dead Sea Scroll Jar. Only Caves 1 and 11 have produced relatively intact manuscripts. Discovered in , Cave 4 produced the largest find. About 15, fragments from more than manuscripts were found. In all, scholars have identified the remains of about to separate scrolls. Fragments of every book of the Hebrew canon Old Testament have been discovered except for the book of Esther.

There are now identified among the scrolls, 19 copies of the Book of Isaiah, 25 copies of Deuteronomy and 30 copies of the Psalms. The Isaiah Scroll, found relatively intact, is years older than any previously known copy of Isaiah.

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This Bible History Daily feature was originally published in The Ashkar-Gilson Manuscript is a seventh- or eighth-century C. What is the oldest Hebrew Bible? That is a complicated question. The Dead Sea Scrolls are fragments of the oldest Hebrew Bible text, while the Aleppo Codex and the Leningrad Codex are the oldest complete versions, written by the Masoretes in the 10th and 11th centuries, respectively.

The Paleo-Hebrew alphabet (Hebrew: הכתב העברי הקדום ‬), also spelt Palaeo-Hebrew alphabet, is a variant of the Phoenician alphabet. Like the Phoenician alphabet, the Paleo-Hebrew alphabet contains 22 letters, all of which are consonants, and is described as an term was coined by Solomon Birnbaum in ; he wrote, “To apply the term Phoenician to the script of the.

N-TZ-H comes from the root word for “flower” and originally meant a ” tassel ” or “lock”, as in the Book of Ezekiel where Ezekiel is picked up by an angel and carried by a “lock” Hebrew tzitzit of hair. In English-language academic texts on Judaica the term is sometimes rendered “show-fringes”. Biblical origin[ edit ] The Torah states in Numbers The Tallit katan itself is commonly referred to as Tzitzit. According to the Torah, the purpose of wearing Tzitzit is to remind Jews of their religious obligations.

In addition, it serves as a reminder of the Exodus from Egypt Numbers The Talmud equates its observance with that of all the Mitzvot. Maimonides Commentary on Pirkei Avot 2: The blue thread is omitted by most Rabbinic Jews due to controversy over the dye-making process see Tekhelet.

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Why the Bible Cannot be the Word of God. Did Moses “write” the Exodus account or someone else, in other words is the Exodus an eye-witness account of the events? Obviously someone else is writing about Moses and describing his activities Cf. The Philistines are portrayed as being in Canaan in the days of Abraham circa B.

The Paleo-Hebrew alphabet (Hebrew: הכתב העברי הקדום ‬), also spelt Palaeo-Hebrew alphabet, is a variant of the Phoenician alphabet. Like the Phoenician alphabet, the Paleo-Hebrew alphabet contains 22 letters, all of which are consonants, and is described as an term was coined by Solomon Birnbaum in ; he wrote, “To apply the term Phoenician to the script of the.

So suggests new research that tracked changes in two genes thought to help regulate brain growth, changes that appeared well after the rise of modern humans , years ago. That the defining feature of humans — our large brains — continued to evolve as recently as 5, years ago, and may be doing so today, promises to surprise the average person, if not biologists. Lahn and colleagues examined two genes, named microcephalin and ASPM, that are connected to brain size.

If those genes don’t work, babies are born with severely small brains, called microcephaly. Using DNA samples from ethnically diverse populations, they identified a collection of variations in each gene that occurred with unusually high frequency. In fact, the variations were so common they couldn’t be accidental mutations but instead were probably due to natural selection, where genetic changes that are favorable to a species quickly gain a foothold and begin to spread, the researchers report.

Lahn offers an analogy:

Paleo-Hebrew alphabet

Douglas Petrovich may change how the world understands the origins of the alphabet and who first wrote the Bible. As to be expected, his controversial proposals have ignited contentious debate. In this first of a three-part series, the background and importance of this issue will be explored before some of the specifics of the new finds and the pushback from other scholars is covered in part two.

A common teaching in schools for many decades has been that the Phoenicians developed the world’s first alphabet around BC.

The Evidences for a Recent Dating for Adam, about 14, to 15, years Before Present. A recent genetic study of human genes related to the brain concluded that possibly there appeared a “microcephalin variant (that) could have arisen anywhere from 14, to 60, years ago” and an “ASPM variant ranged from to 14, years” ago and “roughly correlating with the development of .

It is closely related to the Phoenician script. The find is attributed to the mid th century BCE. Gezer calendar The script of the Gezer calendar , [4] [5] dated to the late 10th century BCE, bears strong resemblance to contemporaneous Phoenician script from inscriptions at Byblos. The 8th-century Hebrew inscriptions exhibit many specific and exclusive traits, leading modern scholars to conclude that already in the 10th century BCE the Paleo-Hebrew script was used by wide scribal circles.

Even though very few 10th-century Hebrew inscriptions have been found, the quantity of the epigraphic material from the 8th century onward shows the gradual spread of literacy among the people of the Kingdom of Israel and the Kingdom of Judah. In a Phoenician inscription in 22 lines was found among the ruins of Sidon. Each line contained about 40 or 50 characters. A facsimile copy of the writing was published in United States Magazine in July The inscription was on the lid of a large stone sarcophagus carved in fine Egyptian style.

The writing was primarily a genealogical history of a king of Sidon buried in the sarcophagus.

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History Crash Course Jews and the Founding of America The amazing story of Jewish influence on the founding fathers of American democracy. This is because many of the earliest pilgrims who settled the “New England” of America in early 17th century were Puritan refugees escaping religious persecutions in Europe. These Puritans viewed their emigration from England as a virtual re-enactment of the Jewish exodus from Egypt.

They were the new Israelites, entering into a new covenant with God in a new Promised Land. In America, however, there was far more freedom to experiment with the use of Biblical law in the legal codes of the colonies and this was exactly what these early colonists set out to do. The earliest legislation of the colonies of New England was all determined by Scripture. At the first assembly of New Haven in , John Davenport clearly stated the primacy of the Bible as the legal and moral foundation of the colony: The Plymouth Colony had a similar law code as did the Massachusetts assembly, which, in adopted the so-called “Capitall Laws of New England” based almost entirely on Mosaic law.

Of course, without a Jewish Oral Tradition, which helped the Jews understand the Bible, the Puritans were left to their own devices and tended toward a literal interpretation. This led in some instances to a stricter, more fundamentalist observance than Judaism had ever seen.

The Israelites: No Boyfriend & Girlfriend In The Bible